WHAT IS KETO?!
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, moderate protein, low-carbohydrate way of eating. By restricting carbs and sugar the body goes into a state of ketosis, which is where the body burns fats/ketones instead of glucose/carbs/sugar. When there are very little carbohydrates in one's diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source, it is this elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, which is known as ketosis.
When first starting a ketogenic diet you want to calculate your "macros", I use this one from Perfect Keto. Your ratios should be close to 5% carbs, 20-25% protein, and 70-75% fat. The ketogenic diet is not a high protein diet. If you eat too much protein it can turn to glucose, so it is essential to understand that this is a high fat way of eating.
Personally I eat under 20 grams of Net Carbs per day. Some people calculate actual carbs, not Net Carbs, it is a personal choice. Net Carbs are when you subtract the total Fiber from the total Carbs. So 1 cup of broccoli has 6g of carbs, but 2g of fiber, so the net carbs for that broccoli would be 4g. It is very helpful in the beginning to track all of your food with an app like My Fitness Pal, Carb Manager, or something similar. You can set the preferences to your macro settings.
The types of fats you eat are very important, they are not all created equal! Saturated Fats (coconut oil, ghee, grass-fed butter, sour cream etc...), Monosaturated Fats (avocados, olives, macadamia nuts), Polysaturated Omega-3s (salmon- my fav!), and Medium-Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) are the GOOD FATS! Those nasty Refined Fats/Oils (corn oil, canola oil, grapeseed oil) and Trans Fats (margarine) are the BAD FATS!
You also want to eat high quality proteins. I personally buy grass-fed meats, wild caught seafood and pasture raised eggs (I buy the Vital Eggs brand, they are delicious and have the cutest packaging!). These all contain higher levels of Vitamins than if you purchase cheaper options. Factory-farmed meat and seafood are much lower in nutrients and may also contain nasty preservatives/nitrates which can cause a lot of issues in your body like inflammation and have even been linked to cancer.
As for veggies, again Organic is always best. For me the whole reason I started Keto was to reduce systemic inflammation, so eating unnecessary chemicals doesn't make sense to me. Avoid starchy veggies (potatoes, beans, corn, yams, etc...), better choices are things like celery, squash, asparagus, cauliflower (you can do so much with cauliflower!!!), and brussel sprouts. You can google plenty of lists that show carbs counts for every veggie.
TIPS AND TRICKS FROM 'REAL KETO PEEPS'
Check out the interviews I do each week with Keto Influencers! Who better to learn from than people who have been through it themselves?!
Katie aka @kto_keto
Kimberly aka @keto_kim
Drew aka @fit2fat2fit
Kristina aka @ellipticalicalifragilistic
Lisa Jayne aka @foxyketo
Connie aka @lowcarbdelights
Brit aka @ketobrit
Craig aka @thesuperheromaker
Lezlee aka @lazy_keto
Heather aka @ketosaurus_rex
Kellie aka @kellie_keto
Jessica aka @dailyketosis
Alessa aka @ketoalessa
Me! aka @ketointhecity_
ABOUT KETO IN THE CITY
My name is Jen Fisch! Many of you might know me as @KetoInTheCity_ on Instagram but I am also a Creative Director, a blogger, an autoimmune warrior, and a single mom who is beyond passionate about the Ketogenic lifestyle. I have been Keto for almost 2 years and started down this path to reduce inflammation in my body. I hope you enjoy my recipes and posts and I hope they help you reach your health and diet goals!
You can also subscribe to my YouTube Channel for new keto videos each week.